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Data Vs. Information

Notes:

Data Vs. Information :

From an individual or any organization point of view data is most important. Because data is used to manage resources efficiently, make better strategies, make optimal decisions and setup future goals.

Data:
Unprocessed facts and figures gathered / collected about someone or something.
(Data can be numerical, textual, graphical, audio, video etc.)

Information:
Processed and refined data.

Ex: In College Management System
The list of student’s internal test marks.
The list of student names .
The list of student profile pictures.
are considered as data

With respect to a Teacher:
The average marks scored by students in a test.
The name of topper.
are considered as information

Based on the information the teacher can make some important decisions like:
The way how he need to prepare students for final examination.

Ex: In Business Management System (Product based business)
Number of products getting sold in different geographical locations from past 5 years.
The list of customer names.
The list of customer phone numbers.
are considered as data

With respect to owners:
In which geographical location the products are getting sold more & in which geographical location the products are getting sold less.
is considered as information

Based on the information the owners can make some important decision like:
Whether to shutdown the business in the non-profit location, or to increase the quality of service, or to change the business location itself etc.

Intelligent interpretation of data leads to information
Intelligent interpretation of information leads to better or optimal decision making

Data is considered as generic.
Information is considered as specific to context.

Data is considered as unorganized, less meaningful, and less useful
Information is considered as organized, more meaningful and more useful

W.K.T. Intelligent interpretation of data leads to information. For the intelligent interpretation of the data; computers need the gathered / collected data to be stored in an organized manner.

To store data in an organized manner we take help of database.

Interview Questions: