Chinese Room Test
Chinese Room Argument (Test):
In the year 1980, Mr. John Searle proposed the “Chinese room argument (test)”.
He argued that: Turing test
could not be used to determine “whether or not a machine is considered as intelligent?”
Mr. John Searle said that: Just because of the machine can be able to answer like humans, it should not be considered as intelligent.
Mr. John Searle noted that a machine could pass the Turing Test simply by manipulating symbols without any understanding of those symbols. A person or machine can be considered as intelligent, if and only if they do have an understanding of what they are doing. Without understanding, they could not be considered as intelligent. Therefore, Mr. John Searle concludes, the Turing Test cannot be used to determine “whether or not a machine is considered as intelligent?”.
The basic configuration of Chinese Room Test is:
A person who knows English but not Chinese sits in the room. He has an access to a huge volume of Chinese literature; written something like this:
If you find a Chinese symbol ฿ then return this Chinese symbol ᴪ.
If you find a Chinese symbol ฿ᴪ then return this Chinese symbol ᴂ.
Receives input in Chinese. He refers the rule ledger for producing outputs. Returns output in Chinese. The inside person has no understanding of what those symbols mean, but from outside the room it looks like the inside person knows Chinese perfectly.