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IIFE ( Immediately Invokable Function Expression )

Notes:

4. IIFE (Immediately Invokable Function Expression):
IIFE is a function that gets executed as soon as it is defined (i.e. immediately invoked or executed).

Self executable functions created using 2 pairs of parentheses i.e. ( )( );.
We pass a function definition in first pair of parentheses and pass required actual parameters list in second pair of parenthesis.

Syntax: /* function definition and call */
( function( [formal parameters list] )
{
statement(s);
[return retruningVaue;]
} )( [actual parameters list] );

Ex: /* a function without parameters, without returning value */
(function()
{
document.write("Hi");
})();

Ex: /* a function with parameters, with returning value */
var sum = (function(x,y)
{
return x+y;
})(2,3);

document.write(sum);

Example Code:
// Function declaration
function wishHi()
{
document.write("Hi","<br/>");
}
wishHi();
// IIFE (function(){document.write("Hi","<br/>");})();

//Function declaration
function add(num1,num2)
{
return num1 + num2;
}
var sum = add(2,3);
document.write(sum,"<br/>");

//IIFE
var sum = (function(num1,num2){ return num1 + num2;})(2,3);
document.write(sum,"<br/>");

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