Introduction to HTML


Introduction to HTML :
In late 1980's ISO (International Organization for standardization) built a system of specifications for defining markup languages that is known as SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language).
SGML is a standard (Set of Specifications) for specifying or building markup language i.e. set of tags.
Markup language is a language containing set of tags, understood by browsers.
To create well formatted web documents, In late 1990’s Tim Berners-Lee has developed HTML .
It is a language for formatting web pages.
HTML is built by following or by referring SGML’s standard set of specifications, Hence we say HTML is evolved from SGML.

HTML stands for: Hyper Text Markup Language.
HTML pages/ Web pages / Web documents contain:
Hyper Text: (Hyper link) allows us to navigate between pages or within the same page.
Text: the actual content / information to be displayed on the page.
Markup: Refers to tags / the control information (code words) that formats the content.
Browsers do not display the HTML tags, but they use them to interpret and format the content of the page. Tags are not case sensitive.
Markup language: is a language containing set of tags understood by browsers (Client soft wares).

Interview Questions:

1. HTML stands for ________________________.
a. Hyper Text Markup Language
b. Hyper Test Markup Language
c. Hyper Test Marking Language
d. Hyper Text Marking Language
Answer: a

2. HTML is evolved from ___________________.
a. HTML5
c. XML
d. SQL
Answer: b

3. "Hyper" meaning in Hyper Text Markup Language
a. navigate
b. attribute
c. tag
d. style
Answer: a

4. First page of the web site is called as___________ ?
a. indexed page
b. home page
c. first page
d. site page
Answer: b

5. Client software used to browse internet is/are ________ ?
a. IE
b. Firefox
c. Chrome
d. All of the above
Answer: d